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Region Latin America
Population 3460607
GDP (millions USD) 22,951
National Policies
Eggs for assisted reproduction commercial prohibited
Eggs for research ?
Inheritable genetic modification PROHIBITED
Preimplantation genetic diagnosis no policy
Reproductive cloning PROHIBITED
Research cloning PROHIBITED
Sex selection ?
Surrogacy commercial prohibited
International Agreements
1997 COE Biomedicine Convention not signed
1998 COE Cloning Convention not signed
2005 UN Cloning Vote abstained
2005 UNESCO Sports Doping Convention RATIFIED
2007 Treaty of Lisbon not signed


Key laws and policies

Law Regulating Human Assisted Reproductive Techniques (22/11/2013 No 19.167): http://archivo.presidencia.gub.uy/sci/leyes/2013/11/msp_512.pdf or http://www.ninrial.com.uy/de-interes/legislacion/leyes/ley-no-19167/ (non-pdf version)

Prohibited practices


  • Human cloning is prohibited (Art. 19).
  • Alteration of human genome is prohibited (Art. 19).

Permitted and regulated practices

Assisted Reproduction

  • Assisted reproduction is permitted for people who are infertile (married or single) (Art. 2).
  • Article 7 provides that to access ART:
    • People must be less than 60 years old.
    • The health of the woman or offspring must not be compromised.
    • Written consent by the couple, or woman, must be given.
  • No more than two embryos are to be transferred to a uterus (Art. 11).

Posthumous Use of Gametes

  • Is permitted for 365 days after death (Art. 9)

Gamete Donation

  • Is permitted, anonymous (see below), and altruistic (Art. 12)


  • Children are entitled to know their method of conception (Art. 10).
  • The donor's identity may be revealed if the child or his descendants apply for a court order in accordance with Articles 21, 22, 23, and 24 of the law.


  • Surrogacy is permitted only when a relative agrees to carry the embryo of a woman who cannot gestate a baby due to genetic issues or disease.
  • The Honorary Commission of Assisted Reproduction must approve such arrangements.
  • All other surrogacy arrangements are void.


  • Is permitted for therapeutic purposes (Art. 18)

[edit] References