Key laws and policies
- Health and Medical Services Act No. 763/1982, which provides provisions on patients’ self-determination and on respect for the equal dignity of all human beings within health and medical services
- The Biobanks in Medical Care Act No. 297/2002 sets outs that biological material has to be collected, stored, and employed, taking into account the integrity of the person.
- Act on Ethics Review of Research Involving Humans, Law No. 460 (2003)
- Act concerning measures for the purposes of Research or Treatment in connection with Fertilized Human Oocytes, Law No. 115 of (March 14 1991, amended April 1, 2005)
- Genetic Integrity Act No. 351 of May 18, 2006 regulates assisted reproductive treatments.
Genetic Modification of Embryos
- Any research which seeks to genetically modify the embryo
- Surrogacy is explicitly prohibited.
- Carrying out donations for profit is prohibited.
Permitted and regulated practices
- Chapter 6 of Act number 351/2006 establishes that “insemination may be carried out only if the woman is married or cohabiting. Written consent for insemination is required from the spouse or cohabitee.”
Pre-Implantation Genetic Diagnosis
- Genetic Integrity Act number 351/2006, Section 2 of Chapter 4 states, "Pre-implantation genetic diagnosis may only be used if the man or woman has a predisposition towards a serious monogenetic or chromosomal hereditary disease, which entails a high risk of having a child with a genetic disease or impairment. The treatment may not be used to choose characteristics, but only be aimed at preventing the child from inheriting the predisposition towards the disease or impairment in question.”
- To access to PGD, the authorization of the National Board of Health and Welfare is necessary.
- Research cloning is permitted and regulated.
- Providing eggs is allowed, both for reproduction and for research, but donation for profit is prohibited.
- “Therapeutic Cloning Legal in Sweden,” BioNews (April 4, 2005).