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Region Europe
Population 9182927
GDP (millions USD) 455319
National Policies
Eggs for assisted reproduction commercial prohibited
Eggs for research permitted
Inheritable genetic modification PROHIBITED
Preimplantation genetic diagnosis social uses prohibited
Reproductive cloning PROHIBITED
Research cloning regulated
Sex selection Social uses prohibited
International Agreements
1997 COE Biomedicine Convention signed
1998 COE Cloning Convention signed
2005 UN Cloning Vote no
2005 UNESCO Sports Doping Convention RATIFIED
2007 Treaty of Lisbon signed


Key laws and policies

  • Act on Ethics Review of Research Involving Humans, Law No. 460 (2003)
  • Act concerning measures for the purposes of Research or Treatment in connection with Fertilized Human Oocytes, Law No. 115 of (March 14 1991, amended April 1, 2005)

Prohibited practices

Genetic Modification of Embryos

  • Any research which seeks to genetically modify the embryo


  • Surrogacy is explicitly prohibited.

Commercial/For Profit

  • Carrying out donations for profit is prohibited.

Permitted and regulated practices

Assisted Reproduction

  • Chapter 6 of Act number 351/2006 establishes that “insemination may be carried out only if the woman is married or cohabiting. Written consent for insemination is required from the spouse or cohabitee.”

Pre-Implantation Genetic Diagnosis

  • Genetic Integrity Act number 351/2006, Section 2 of Chapter 4 states, "Pre-implantation genetic diagnosis may only be used if the man or woman has a predisposition towards a serious monogenetic or chromosomal hereditary disease, which entails a high risk of having a child with a genetic disease or impairment. The treatment may not be used to choose characteristics, but only be aimed at preventing the child from inheriting the predisposition towards the disease or impairment in question.”
  • To access to PGD, the authorization of the National Board of Health and Welfare is necessary.

Research Cloning

  • Research cloning is permitted and regulated.[1]

Egg Donation

  • Providing eggs is allowed, both for reproduction and for research, but donation for profit is prohibited.

[edit] References

  1. Therapeutic Cloning Legal in Sweden,” BioNews (April 4, 2005).