Difference between revisions of "Portugal"

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|image_flag=Portugal.png
 
|image_flag=Portugal.png
 
|Region=Europe
 
|Region=Europe
|Population=10,848,692
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|Population=10848692
 
|GDP=223,303
 
|GDP=223,303
|Eggs for assisted reproduction=no policy
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|Eggs for assisted reproduction=permitted
 
|Eggs for research=?
 
|Eggs for research=?
 
|Inheritable genetic modification=PROHIBITED
 
|Inheritable genetic modification=PROHIBITED
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|Reproductive cloning=PROHIBITED
 
|Reproductive cloning=PROHIBITED
 
|Research cloning=PROHIBITED
 
|Research cloning=PROHIBITED
|Sex selection=social uses prohibited
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|Sex selection=?
|Surrogacy=no policy
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|Surrogacy=PROHIBITED
 
|European Union=Member
 
|European Union=Member
 
|Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development=Member
 
|Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development=Member
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|2005 UNESCO Sports Doping Convention=RATIFIED
 
|2005 UNESCO Sports Doping Convention=RATIFIED
 
|Treaty of Lisbon=RATIFIED
 
|Treaty of Lisbon=RATIFIED
|Key laws and policies=* Law Concerning Medically Assisted Reproduction ([http://www.dre.pt/pdfgratis/2006/07/14300.pdf Procriação medicamente assistida]), No. 32 (2006)<ref name=who>WHO, "[http://www.who.int/idhl-rils/results.cfm?language=english&type=ByIssue&intDigestVolume=57&intIssue=4&strTopicCode=XIA International Digest of Health Legislation]," accessed on July 8, 2008</ref>
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|Introduction=
|Foundational values=The [http://www.cnecv.gov.pt/cnecv/en/ National Council of Ethics for the Life Sciences (CNEV)] stated in a 1997 [http://www.cnecv.gov.pt/NR/rdonlyres/777F41D6-781E-43E5-B666-FFA1B306B3FD/0/p021_en.pdf Opinion] (reiterated in [http://www.cnecv.gov.pt/NR/rdonlyres/770EA390-9326-4FF9-B28D-D70A7E9AD961/0/p048_en.pdf 2006]) that human cloning is ethically unacceptable due to the problems it raises concerning human dignity, the equilibrium of the species and life in society.
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|Key laws and policies=* Law Concerning Medically Assisted Reproduction Portugal, law number 32/2006, [http://www.fd.unl.pt/docentes_docs/ma/tpb_MA_4022.pdf] regulates assisted reproductive treatments and research on embryos.
|Prohibited practices=The 2006 Law Concerning Medically Assisted Reproduction prohibits:
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|Foundational values=The [http://www.cnecv.pt/?locale=en National Council of Ethics for the Life Sciences (CNEV)] stated in a 1997 [http://www.cnecv.pt/admin/files/data/docs/1312229642_Portugal%20CNECV%20P021%20EN.pdf Opinion] (reiterated in [http://www.cnecv.pt/admin/files/data/docs/1312230105_Portugal%20CNECV%20P048%20EN.pdf 2006]) that human cloning is ethically unacceptable due to the problems it raises concerning human dignity, the equilibrium of the species, and life in society.
 
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|Prohibited practices=The following are prohibited:  
* Reproductive cloning
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* Reproductive cloning  
* Social sex selection
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* The use of assisted reproduction techniques for sex selection, except in the case of sex-linked genetic diseases
* The creation of embryos for research
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* The use of assisted reproduction techniques to create chimeras or hybrids, and the use of preimplantation genetic diagnosis techniques in the case of multifactorial diseases where the predictive value of the genetic test is very low (Sec. 7)
* The creation of chimeras or hybrids
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* Surrogate motherhood whether for payment or otherwise is not recognized; the woman who undergoes pregnancy being deemed, for all legal purposes, to be the mother (Sec. 8)
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* The use of assisted reproduction techniques for the express purpose of creating embryos for research
  
 
In addition, Portugal's ratification of the [[Council of Europe|Council of Europe's]] Convention on Biomedicine and the Additional Protocol Regarding Human Cloning commits it to prohibitions on somatic genetic enhancement and inheritable genetic modification.
 
In addition, Portugal's ratification of the [[Council of Europe|Council of Europe's]] Convention on Biomedicine and the Additional Protocol Regarding Human Cloning commits it to prohibitions on somatic genetic enhancement and inheritable genetic modification.
|Permitted and regulated practices=According to 2006 Law Concerning Medically Assisted Reproduction:<ref name=who/>
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|Permitted and regulated practices=* Assisted reproductive techniques have to be considered to be subsidiary and not an alternative method of procreation.
  
* PGD may not be used in the case of multifactorial diseases where the predictive value of the genetic test is very low.
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* Assisted reproduction may only be used in the case of infertility, or in order to treat a serious disease or prevent the risk of transmission of genetic, infectious, or other diseases (Sec. 4).  
  
* Surrogate motherhood whether for payment or otherwise is not recognized, the woman who undergoes pregnancy being deemed, for all legal purposes, to be the mother.
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* Assisted reproduction may only be practiced in public or private centers expressly authorized for the purpose by the Ministry of Health (Sec. 5).
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* Only persons who are married or who have been partners in an equivalent relationship for at least two years, who are not of the same sex, who are at least 18 years old, who are not subject to guardianship, and who are not mentally disabled may have recourse to MAR (Sec. 6).
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* Scientific research with embryos is permitted for the purposes of prevention, diagnosis, or therapy, the improvement of assisted reproduction techniques, and the constitution of stem cell banks for transplantation or other therapeutic objectives. Such research is subject to the decision of the National Council for Medically Assisted Procreation (Sec. 9).
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* Use may be made of donated sperm, oocytes, and embryos where, in the light of current scientific knowledge, it is not possible for a woman to become pregnant by any other means and where the quality of gametes can be assured (Sec. 10).
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* PGD may not be used in the case of multifactorial diseases where the predictive value of the genetic test is very low.
  
 
* Scientific research with embryos is permitted for the purposes of prevention, diagnosis, or therapy, the improvement of MAP techniques, and the constitution of stem cell banks for transplantation or other therapeutic objectives.
 
* Scientific research with embryos is permitted for the purposes of prevention, diagnosis, or therapy, the improvement of MAP techniques, and the constitution of stem cell banks for transplantation or other therapeutic objectives.
  
* Donation of eggs, sperm and embryos is permitted "where, in the light of current scientific knowledge, it is not possible for a woman to become pregnant by any other means and where the quality of gametes can be assured."
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* Donation of eggs, sperm, and embryos is permitted "where, in the light of current scientific knowledge, it is not possible for a woman to become pregnant by any other means and where the quality of gametes can be assured."
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|Regulatory activities=
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|Accountability and governance=
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|History=Note: At present, the Ministry of Justice is preparing a law concerning co-adoption by couples of the same sex. As regards surrogacy, the Parliament is discussing a law that will allow altruistic surrogacy in some specific cases and will amend Law n. 32/2006.
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|External links=
 
}}
 
}}
 
== References ==
 
== References ==
 
<references/>
 
<references/>

Latest revision as of 21:02, 29 July 2015