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Region Latin America
Population 3320000
GDP (millions USD) 19740
National Policies
Eggs for assisted reproduction ?
Eggs for research ?
Inheritable genetic modification ?
Preimplantation genetic diagnosis ?
Reproductive cloning PROHIBITED
Research cloning PROHIBITED
Sex selection ?
Surrogacy ?
International Agreements
2005 UN Cloning Vote YES
2005 UNESCO Sports Doping Convention RATIFIED


Key laws and policies

  • Human Cloning Prohibition (Que prohíbe toda forma de clonación humana y dicta otras disposiciones), Law No. 3 (January 15, 2004)[1]
  • Constitution (in Spanish) (1972)

Prohibited practices

Human Cloning

  • Article I of the Human Cloning Prohibition prohibits the promotion, financing, and/or donation of public or private funds for experiments, research, and developments of all forms of human cloning.
  • Panama also implicitly bans research cloning through its constitutional language, which extends a right to life to conceived or unborn persons.

Permitted and regulated practices

Assisted Reproduction

There do not appear to be any laws specifically governing assisted reproduction.

  • ART is practiced.
  • Heterosexual and same-sex couples are treated.


  • Surrogacy occurs; however, there are no laws governing practices or agreements.

[edit] References

  1. The Hinxton Group, "The Americas: Policy Excerpts," (accessed on July 8, 2008).