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The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
Region Europe
Population 2038514
GDP (millions USD) 7,497
National Policies
Eggs for assisted reproduction permitted
Eggs for research ?
Inheritable genetic modification ?
Preimplantation genetic diagnosis ?
Reproductive cloning ?
Research cloning ?
Sex selection Social uses prohibited
Surrogacy unrecognized
International Agreements
1997 COE Biomedicine Convention signed
1998 COE Cloning Convention signed
2005 UN Cloning Vote YES
2005 UNESCO Sports Doping Convention not ratified
2007 Treaty of Lisbon not signed


Key laws and policies

The Constitution of the Republic of Macedonia stipulates that it is a human right to decide freely on the procreation of children (Article 41).

New reproductive technologies in Republic of Macedonia have been regulated by the Law on Biomedical Assisted Fertilization since 2008. (See Official Gazette of the Republic of Macedonia No. 37/08.)

Permitted and regulated practices

Assisted Reproduction

  • The Macedonian law gives priority to using personal reproductive cells.
  • Married or cohabiting heterosexual couples or single women may access services, subject to consent.
  • Posthumous use of gametes is permitted one year after death.
  • Embryo donation may take place if a man and woman have excess embryos from treatment.


In September 2014, draft laws were proposed by Health Minister Nikola Todorov to permit altruistic surrogacy, to "ensure that women may only carry a child on behalf of others for humane and altruistic reasons." He said, “It must be seen as an act of humanity and not as a business.” (See

External links