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Region Latin America
Population 44087000
GDP (millions USD) 171,607
National Policies
Eggs for assisted reproduction permitted
Eggs for research ?
Inheritable genetic modification PROHIBITED
Preimplantation genetic diagnosis no policy
Reproductive cloning PROHIBITED
Research cloning PROHIBITED
Sex selection no policy
Surrogacy ?
International Agreements
2005 UN Cloning Vote abstained
2005 UNESCO Sports Doping Convention not ratified


Key laws and policies

Assisted Reproduction

  • Article 42, Constitución Política de Colombia [Note: The Constitución does not govern ART, but states, "The children born of a matrimony or outside it, adopted or conceived naturally or with scientific assistance, have equal rights and duties. The law will regulate responsibility to the offspring," (thus recognizing that children may be conceived using scientific assistance).]


Prohibited practices

The criminal code prohibits:

  • The creation of a human embryo for purposes other than reproduction, but makes an exception for "research and diagnostic purposes if they have a therapeutic goal"
  • Reproductive cloning

Permitted and regulated practices

Egg Donation

  • Anonymous egg donation after screening, and egg sharing are permitted.

PGD and Sex Selection

  • PGD and sex selection are available.

Accountability and governance

A number of clinics/doctors have signed the ethical standards set by the Latin American Network of Assisted Reproduction in 1995. These standards provide that gamete donation must be uncompensated. [1]

External links

[1] "Cosenso Latino Amerciano en apectos etico-legales relativso a las tecnicas de reproduccion asistida." Reñaca, CHILE 1995, available at, (accessed 15 November 2014).

[edit] References