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Region Europe
Population 7933000
GDP (millions USD) 39,609
National Policies
Eggs for assisted reproduction commercial prohibited
Eggs for research permitted
Inheritable genetic modification PROHIBITED
Preimplantation genetic diagnosis social uses prohibited
Reproductive cloning PROHIBITED
Research cloning PROHIBITED
Sex selection Social uses prohibited
Surrogacy commercial prohibited
International Agreements
1997 COE Biomedicine Convention RATIFIED
1998 COE Cloning Convention RATIFIED
2005 UN Cloning Vote no
2005 UNESCO Sports Doping Convention RATIFIED
2007 Treaty of Lisbon RATIFIED


Key laws and policies

Bulgarian Health Act, part 2 Promulgated, SG No. 70/10.08.2004, effective 1.01.2005, supplemented, SG No. 46/3.06.2005, amended and supplemented, SG No. 76/20.09.2005, effective 1.01.2007, SG No. 85/25.10.2005 [1] Order 28 on Assisted Reproduction Activities 2007 (amended July 29, 2011) of Bulgarian Ministry of Health [2]

Prohibited practices

  • Sex selection for purposes other than preventing the transmission of an inheritable disease
  • Reproductive cloning
  • Human genetic modification for purposes other than prevention and treatment of diseases
  • Inheritable genetic modification
  • Genetic discrimination
  • Offering pecuniary benefit to a donor of ova or spermatozoids, as well as acceptance of pecuniary benefit by the donor is prohibited (Art. 129(7) Bulgaria Health Act)

In addition, Bulgaria's ratification of the Council of Europe's Convention on Biomedicine and the Additional Protocol Regarding Human Cloning commits it to prohibitions on:

  • PGD for social uses
  • Research cloning
  • Somatic genetic enhancement
  • Inheritable genetic modification
  • Reproductive cloning

Permitted and regulated practices

  • Assisted reproduction permitted in cases of infertility (Art. 129 Bulgaria Heath Act).
  • Sperm and egg donation are permitted, though egg donors should have at least one live birth and sperm donors should have a maximum of 5 live births.
  • Ova, spermatozoa, and fertilized ova which have not been used for creating progeny may be provided to research, educational, and medical establishments in Bulgaria and abroad, provided informed consent in writing has been provided by donors (Art. 134).
  • Experimentation on surplus IVF embryos is permitted, under the informed consent of the donors.

[edit] References