Difference between revisions of "Brazil"

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|Population=186757608
 
|Population=186757608
 
|GDP=1313590
 
|GDP=1313590
|Eggs for assisted reproduction=no policy
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|Eggs for assisted reproduction=commercial prohibited
 
|Eggs for research=no policy
 
|Eggs for research=no policy
 
|Inheritable genetic modification=PROHIBITED
 
|Inheritable genetic modification=PROHIBITED
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|Introduction=
 
|Introduction=
 
|Key laws and policies=* Law on Biosafety, PL. 2401-C/03 (March 2, 2005)
 
|Key laws and policies=* Law on Biosafety, PL. 2401-C/03 (March 2, 2005)
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Assisted reproduction practices including surrogacy and providing eggs are covered by laws and guidelines:
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*The Federal Medical Board (Consehlo Federal de Medicina) passed resolution Resolution CFM No 1957, 2010. (See http://www.portalmedico.org.br/resolucoes/CFM/2010/1957_2010.htm.)
 
|Foundational values=
 
|Foundational values=
 
|Prohibited practices=The Law on Biosafety prohibits:
 
|Prohibited practices=The Law on Biosafety prohibits:
* reproductive cloning
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* Reproductive cloning
* research cloning
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* Research cloning
* inheritable genetic modification (Article 6)
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* Inheritable genetic modification (Article 6)
* the creation, banking and manipulation of human embryos destined to be used as "disposable biological material."<ref name=geninfo>GenInfo, "[http://www.humgen.umontreal.ca/int/GI/en/2005-03P.pdf Newsletter]" (May-June 2005)</ref><ref name=ik>Rosario M.Isasi and Bartha M. Knoppers, "[http://humrep.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/full/21/10/2474 Beyond the permissibility of embryonic and stem cell research: substantive requirements and procedural safeguards]," ''Human Reproduction'' (Vol.21, No.10, 2006)</ref>
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* The creation, banking, and manipulation of human embryos destined to be used as "disposable biological material"
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Commercial practices associated with gamete or embryo donation or surrogacy are prohibited (Part IV and Part VII of the Resolution CFM No 1957, 2010).
 
|Permitted and regulated practices=The Law on Biosafety permits working with human genes ''in vivo'' for "diagnostic, preventive and treatment purposes of illnesses and
 
|Permitted and regulated practices=The Law on Biosafety permits working with human genes ''in vivo'' for "diagnostic, preventive and treatment purposes of illnesses and
anomalies," with the approval of the National Technical Committee on Biosafety.<ref name=geninfo/> The relationship of this clause to the law's prohibition on inheritable genetic modification is presently unclear.
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anomalies," with the approval of the National Technical Committee on Biosafety.
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The relationship of this clause to the law's prohibition on inheritable genetic modification is presently unclear.
  
 
Assisted reproduction practices including surrogacy and providing eggs are covered by laws and guidelines.  
 
Assisted reproduction practices including surrogacy and providing eggs are covered by laws and guidelines.  
 
* Anonymous egg donation is permitted after screening
 
* Anonymous egg donation is permitted after screening
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* Egg donor must be under 35 years of age
 
* Egg sharing is permitted
 
* Egg sharing is permitted
 
* Embryo donation is permitted
 
* Embryo donation is permitted
 
* Surrogacy is permitted pursuant to guidelines in limited circumstances. The surrogate  must be related to the commissioning husband or wife, but exemptions may be allowed by regional medical councils. No payment is allowed.
 
* Surrogacy is permitted pursuant to guidelines in limited circumstances. The surrogate  must be related to the commissioning husband or wife, but exemptions may be allowed by regional medical councils. No payment is allowed.
 
 
 
|Regulatory activities=
 
|Regulatory activities=
 
|Accountability and governance=
 
|Accountability and governance=

Latest revision as of 21:17, 7 July 2015