Difference between revisions of "Brazil"

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|Population=186757608
 
|Population=186757608
 
|GDP=1313590
 
|GDP=1313590
|Eggs for assisted reproduction=no policy
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|Eggs for assisted reproduction=commercial prohibited
 
|Eggs for research=no policy
 
|Eggs for research=no policy
 
|Inheritable genetic modification=PROHIBITED
 
|Inheritable genetic modification=PROHIBITED
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|Sex selection=no policy
 
|Sex selection=no policy
 
|Surrogacy=commercial prohibited
 
|Surrogacy=commercial prohibited
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|European Union=
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|Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development=
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|Council of Europe=
 
|1997 COE Biomedicine Convention=n/a
 
|1997 COE Biomedicine Convention=n/a
 
|1998 COE Cloning Convention=n/a
 
|1998 COE Cloning Convention=n/a
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|2005 UNESCO Sports Doping Convention=RATIFIED
 
|2005 UNESCO Sports Doping Convention=RATIFIED
 
|Treaty of Lisbon=n/a
 
|Treaty of Lisbon=n/a
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|Introduction=
 
|Key laws and policies=* Law on Biosafety, PL. 2401-C/03 (March 2, 2005)
 
|Key laws and policies=* Law on Biosafety, PL. 2401-C/03 (March 2, 2005)
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Assisted reproduction practices including surrogacy and providing eggs are covered by laws and guidelines:
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*The Federal Medical Board (Consehlo Federal de Medicina) passed resolution Resolution CFM No 1957, 2010. (See http://www.portalmedico.org.br/resolucoes/CFM/2010/1957_2010.htm.)
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|Foundational values=
 
|Prohibited practices=The Law on Biosafety prohibits:
 
|Prohibited practices=The Law on Biosafety prohibits:
* reproductive cloning
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* Reproductive cloning
* research cloning
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* Research cloning
* inheritable genetic modification (Article 6)
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* Inheritable genetic modification (Article 6)
* the creation, banking and manipulation of human embryos destined to be used as "disposable biological material."<ref name=geninfo>GenInfo, "[http://www.humgen.umontreal.ca/int/GI/en/2005-03P.pdf Newsletter]" (May-June 2005)</ref><ref name=ik>Rosario M.Isasi and Bartha M. Knoppers, "[http://humrep.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/full/21/10/2474 Beyond the permissibility of embryonic and stem cell research: substantive requirements and procedural safeguards]," ''Human Reproduction'' (Vol.21, No.10, 2006)</ref>
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* The creation, banking, and manipulation of human embryos destined to be used as "disposable biological material"
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Commercial practices associated with gamete or embryo donation or surrogacy are prohibited (Part IV and Part VII of the Resolution CFM No 1957, 2010).
 
|Permitted and regulated practices=The Law on Biosafety permits working with human genes ''in vivo'' for "diagnostic, preventive and treatment purposes of illnesses and
 
|Permitted and regulated practices=The Law on Biosafety permits working with human genes ''in vivo'' for "diagnostic, preventive and treatment purposes of illnesses and
anomalies," with the approval of the National Technical Committee on Biosafety.<ref name=geninfo/> The relationship of this clause to the law's prohibition on inheritable genetic modification is presently unclear.
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anomalies," with the approval of the National Technical Committee on Biosafety.
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The relationship of this clause to the law's prohibition on inheritable genetic modification is presently unclear.
  
Assisted reproduction practices including surrogacy and providing eggs are covered by guidelines, implying the absence of national law. For instance, under these guidelines, only a close relative of the intended parents should serve as surrogates, and the fertility clinic should not help arrange any financial compensation. The guidelines do not address PGD.<ref name=asrm>American Society for Reproductive Medicine, "[http://www.fertstert.org/issues/contents?issue_key=S0015-0282(07)X0176-6 IFFS Surveillance 07]," ''Fertility and Sterility'' (Vol. 87. No. 4, Suppl. 1, April 2007)</ref> Egg donation is permitted under the guidelines, but compensation is limited to expenses for research purposes.<ref name=asrm/><ref name=Sing>Singapore Bioethics Advisory Committee, "[http://www.bioethics-singapore.org/uploadfile/52533%20PMEgg%20Donation%20Consultation%20Paper.pdf Donation Of Human Eggs For Research: A Consultation Paper]" (November 7, 2007)</ref>
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Assisted reproduction practices including surrogacy and providing eggs are covered by laws and guidelines.  
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* Anonymous egg donation is permitted after screening
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* Egg donor must be under 35 years of age
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* Egg sharing is permitted
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* Embryo donation is permitted
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* Surrogacy is permitted pursuant to guidelines in limited circumstances. The surrogate  must be related to the commissioning husband or wife, but exemptions may be allowed by regional medical councils. No payment is allowed.
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|Regulatory activities=
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|Accountability and governance=
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|History=
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|External links=
 
}}
 
}}
 
== References ==
 
== References ==
 
<references/>
 
<references/>

Latest revision as of 21:17, 7 July 2015