Difference between revisions of "Brazil"

From BioPolicyWiki
Jump to: navigation, search
Line 13: Line 13:
 
|Sex selection=no policy
 
|Sex selection=no policy
 
|Surrogacy=commercial prohibited
 
|Surrogacy=commercial prohibited
 +
|European Union=
 +
|Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development=
 +
|Council of Europe=
 
|1997 COE Biomedicine Convention=n/a
 
|1997 COE Biomedicine Convention=n/a
 
|1998 COE Cloning Convention=n/a
 
|1998 COE Cloning Convention=n/a
Line 18: Line 21:
 
|2005 UNESCO Sports Doping Convention=RATIFIED
 
|2005 UNESCO Sports Doping Convention=RATIFIED
 
|Treaty of Lisbon=n/a
 
|Treaty of Lisbon=n/a
 +
|Introduction=
 
|Key laws and policies=* Law on Biosafety, PL. 2401-C/03 (March 2, 2005)
 
|Key laws and policies=* Law on Biosafety, PL. 2401-C/03 (March 2, 2005)
 +
|Foundational values=
 
|Prohibited practices=The Law on Biosafety prohibits:
 
|Prohibited practices=The Law on Biosafety prohibits:
 
* reproductive cloning
 
* reproductive cloning
Line 27: Line 32:
 
anomalies," with the approval of the National Technical Committee on Biosafety.<ref name=geninfo/> The relationship of this clause to the law's prohibition on inheritable genetic modification is presently unclear.
 
anomalies," with the approval of the National Technical Committee on Biosafety.<ref name=geninfo/> The relationship of this clause to the law's prohibition on inheritable genetic modification is presently unclear.
  
Assisted reproduction practices including surrogacy and providing eggs are covered by guidelines, implying the absence of national law. For instance, under these guidelines, only a close relative of the intended parents should serve as surrogates, and the fertility clinic should not help arrange any financial compensation. The guidelines do not address PGD.<ref name=asrm>American Society for Reproductive Medicine, "[http://www.fertstert.org/issues/contents?issue_key=S0015-0282(07)X0176-6 IFFS Surveillance 07]," ''Fertility and Sterility'' (Vol. 87. No. 4, Suppl. 1, April 2007)</ref> Egg donation is permitted under the guidelines, but compensation is limited to expenses for research purposes.<ref name=asrm/><ref name=Sing>Singapore Bioethics Advisory Committee, "[http://www.bioethics-singapore.org/uploadfile/52533%20PMEgg%20Donation%20Consultation%20Paper.pdf Donation Of Human Eggs For Research: A Consultation Paper]" (November 7, 2007)</ref>
+
Assisted reproduction practices including surrogacy and providing eggs are covered by laws and guidelines.  
 +
* Anonymous egg donation is permitted after screening
 +
* Egg sharing is permitted
 +
* Embryo donation is permitted
 +
* Surrogacy is permitted pursuant to guidelines in limited circumstances. The surrogate  must be related to the commissioning husband or wife, but exemptions may be allowed by regional medical councils. No payment is allowed.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
|Regulatory activities=
 +
|Accountability and governance=
 +
|History=
 +
|External links=
 
}}
 
}}
 
== References ==
 
== References ==
 
<references/>
 
<references/>

Revision as of 09:11, 26 October 2014