Difference between revisions of "Albania"

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|Research cloning=PROHIBITED
 
|Research cloning=PROHIBITED
 
|Sex selection=?
 
|Sex selection=?
|Surrogacy=PROHIBITED
+
|Surrogacy=permitted
 
|European Union=
 
|European Union=
 
|Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development=
 
|Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development=
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Art. 2 of this law defines “reproductive health” as “people’s ability to reproduce and the freedom to decide the manner and timing of reproduction,” and gives to each individual (not only to marital couples) the opportunity to choose the methods of reproduction.
 
Art. 2 of this law defines “reproductive health” as “people’s ability to reproduce and the freedom to decide the manner and timing of reproduction,” and gives to each individual (not only to marital couples) the opportunity to choose the methods of reproduction.
 
|Foundational values=
 
|Foundational values=
|Prohibited practices=SURROGACY
+
|Prohibited practices='''Surrogacy'''
* IVF surrogacy is prohibited.
+
* Surrogacy appears to be practiced.
 +
Specific law was unable to be identified.
  
  
EMBRYO EXPERIMENTATION
+
 
 +
'''Embryo Experimentation'''
 
* Article 38: The human embryo is prohibited from being used for any other kind of commercial, industrial, or experimental purpose.
 
* Article 38: The human embryo is prohibited from being used for any other kind of commercial, industrial, or experimental purpose.
|Permitted and regulated practices=ASSISTED REPRODUCTION
+
|Permitted and regulated practices='''Assisted Reproduction'''
  
 
Albanian legislation provides the possibility for a married couple or an individual to undertake artificial reproduction based on infertility.  The law recognizes artificial insemination and in vitro fertilization.  
 
Albanian legislation provides the possibility for a married couple or an individual to undertake artificial reproduction based on infertility.  The law recognizes artificial insemination and in vitro fertilization.  
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ACCESS TO INFORMATION
+
'''Access to Information'''
  
* The practice in Albania is to maintain anonymity of donors. Art 14 of the “Reproductive Health” law, imposes an obligation on medical services to preserve the confidentiality and the anonymity of data.  
+
* The practice in Albania is to maintain anonymity of donors. Art. 14 of the “Reproductive Health” law imposes an obligation on medical services to preserve the confidentiality and the anonymity of data.  
* While donor anonymity is not explicitly guaranteed by law the interpretation of Art 14 has been to include preserving the confidentiality and anonymity of the donor’s identity.
+
* While donor anonymity is not explicitly guaranteed by law, the interpretation of Art. 14 has been to include preserving the confidentiality and anonymity of the donor’s identity.
  
  
EMBRYO DONATION
+
'''Embryo Donation'''
  
 
* Not mentioned in statute (IFFS, Surveillance, 2010)
 
* Not mentioned in statute (IFFS, Surveillance, 2010)
  
  
PRE-IMPLANTATION GENETIC DIAGNOSIS
+
'''Pre-Implantation Genetic Diagnosis'''
  
 
* Not practiced in current clinics (due to unavailability of laboratory facilities)
 
* Not practiced in current clinics (due to unavailability of laboratory facilities)
  
Clinics (x3)offer treatments including:  
+
Clinics (of which there are three) offer treatments including:  
 
* Donor insemination  
 
* Donor insemination  
 
* Egg donation  
 
* Egg donation  
* Gamete Intra-Fallopian Transfer (GIFT)  
+
* Gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT)  
* In-vitro fertilisation (IVF)  
+
* In vitro fertilization (IVF)  
* In-vitro fertilisation (IVF)
+
* In vitro fertilization (IVF) with egg donation  
* In-vitro fertilisation (IVF) with egg donation  
+
* Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI)  
* Intra Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI)  
+
 
* Intrauterine insemination (IUI) stimulated  
 
* Intrauterine insemination (IUI) stimulated  
 
* Intrauterine insemination (IUI) unstimulated  
 
* Intrauterine insemination (IUI) unstimulated  
* Zygote Intrafallopian Transfer (ZIFT)  
+
* Zygote intrafallopian transfer (ZIFT)  
* PGD (although note above - that it is reported that this is not practiced due to lab limitations)
+
* PGD (although note above that it is reported that this is not practiced due to lab limitations)
 
|Regulatory activities=
 
|Regulatory activities=
 
|Accountability and governance=
 
|Accountability and governance=

Latest revision as of 00:46, 3 January 2019