Difference between revisions of "Albania"

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|Treaty of Lisbon=n/a
 
|Treaty of Lisbon=n/a
 
|Introduction=
 
|Introduction=
|Key laws and policies=REPUBLIC OF ALBANIA THE ASSEMBLY
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|Key laws and policies=Republic of Albania the Assembly Law Nr. 8876 Dated 4 April 2002 On Reproductive Health (citation: Law on Reproductive Health, 04 April 2002 available at http://www.ecoi.net/local_link/199400/303827_en.html (accessed 21 February 2015)
LAW Nr. 8876 dated 4 April 2002 ON REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH
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Art 2 of this law defines “reproductive health” as “….people’s ability to reproduce and the freedom to decide the manner and timing of reproduction….” and, gives to each individual (not only to marital couples) the opportunity to choose the methods of reproduction.
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|Foundational values=
 
|Foundational values=
|Prohibited practices=* IVF surrogacy is prohibited
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|Prohibited practices=SURROGACY
* Embryo experimentation is prohibited
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* IVF surrogacy is prohibited
|Permitted and regulated practices=Statute and licensing body concerning assisted reproduction in operation.
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*Marriage is required.
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*There is no insurance coverage for couples accessing assisted reproduction.
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EMBRYO EXPERIMENTATION
*Sperm and egg donation are permitted.
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* Article 38: The human embryo is prohibited from being used for any other kind of commercial, industrial or experimental purpose.
*PGD is permitted
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|Permitted and regulated practices=ASSISTED REPRODUCTION
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Albanian legislation provides the possibility for a married couple or an individual to undertake artificial reproduction based on the infertility.  The law recognises artificial insemination and in vitro fertilisation.
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Article 32 provides that assisted reproduction may be used:
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a) when an individual has reached the age to marry;
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b) when the spouses have failed in attempts to have a child for a period of two years up to the moment when the transfer of the embryo and insemination is performed;
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c) in the presence of a licensed specialist doctor;
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d) only after the written consent has been received for each cycle by the interested individuals.
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Article 33:
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The techniques of reproduction are to be used only in the cases when:
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a) other methods of treatment of the infertility of the man or the woman are not productive or appropriate and do not guarantee the desired result;
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b) they prevent the transmission to the child of genetic illnesses, or other illnesses that would produce premature death, mental retardation or serious invalidity;
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c) they are considered as an alternative to a natural birth.
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Clinics (x3)offer treatments including:
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• Donor insemination
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• Egg donation
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• Gamete Intra-Fallopian Transfer (GIFT)
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• In-vitro fertilisation (IVF)
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• In-vitro fertilisation (IVF)
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• In-vitro fertilisation (IVF) with egg donation  
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• Intra Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI)
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• Intrauterine insemination (IUI) stimulated
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• Intrauterine insemination (IUI) unstimulated
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• Zygote Intrafallopian Transfer (ZIFT)
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• PGD
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ACCESS TO INFORMATION
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* The practice in Albania is to maintain anonymity of donors. Art 14 of the “Reproductive Health” law, imposes an obligation on medical services to preserve the confidentiality and the anonymity of data.  
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* While donor anonymity is not explicitly guaranteed by law the interpretation of Art 14 has been to include preserving the confidentiality and anonymity of the donor’s identity.
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EMBRYO DONATION
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* Not mentioned in statute (IFFS, Surveillance, 2010)
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PRE-IMPLANTATION GENETIC DIAGNOSIS
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Not practiced in current clinics (due to unavailability of laboratory facilities)
  
  
Clinics (x3)offer treatments including:
 
*Donor insemination
 
*Egg donation
 
*Gamete Intra-Fallopian Transfer (GIFT)
 
*In-vitro fertilisation (IVF)
 
*In-vitro fertilisation (IVF)
 
*In-vitro fertilisation (IVF) with egg donation
 
*Intra Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI)
 
*Intrauterine insemination (IUI) stimulated
 
*Intrauterine insemination (IUI) unstimulated
 
*Zygote Intrafallopian Transfer (ZIFT)
 
*PGD
 
 
|Regulatory activities=
 
|Regulatory activities=
 
|Accountability and governance=
 
|Accountability and governance=
 
|History=
 
|History=
|External links=
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|External links=IFFS, Surveillance, 2010
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(NB. Albania did not answer IFFS Surveillance 2013)
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}}
 
}}

Revision as of 10:48, 23 February 2015