Difference between revisions of "Taiwan"

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|image_flag=Taiwan.png
 
|image_flag=Taiwan.png
 
|Region=Asia
 
|Region=Asia
|Population=22,911,000
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|Population=22911000
 
|GDP=383,307
 
|GDP=383,307
 
|Eggs for assisted reproduction=commercial allowed
 
|Eggs for assisted reproduction=commercial allowed
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|Sex selection=?
 
|Sex selection=?
 
|Surrogacy=PROHIBITED
 
|Surrogacy=PROHIBITED
|Prohibited practices=Surrogacy is prohibited.<ref name=asrm>American Society for Reproductive Medicine, "[http://www.fertstert.org/issues/contents?issue_key=S0015-0282(07)X0176-6 IFFS Surveillance 07]," ''Fertility and Sterility'' (Vol. 87. No. 4, Suppl. 1, April 2007)</ref>
+
|European Union=
 +
|Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development=
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|Council of Europe=
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|1997 COE Biomedicine Convention=
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|1998 COE Cloning Convention=
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|2005 UN Cloning Vote=
 +
|2005 UNESCO Sports Doping Convention=
 +
|Treaty of Lisbon=
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|Introduction=
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|Key laws and policies=* Artificial Reproduction Act 2007
 +
Available at http://www.hpa.gov.tw/English/file/ContentFile/200901191011149200/Artificial%20Reproduction%20Act.pdf (accessed 23 February 2015).
 +
|Foundational values=
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|Prohibited practices=ASSISTED REPRODUCTION
  
Research cloning is prohibited by a general prohibition on the production of embryos specifically for research.<ref name=eu>''[http://ec.europa.eu/research/biosociety/pdf/non_eu_countries_230804.pdf Survey on opinions from National Ethics Committees or similar bodies, public debate and national legislation in relation to human embryonic stem cell research and use]'', July 2004</ref>
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* The law specifically excludes single people, homosexuals, and non-traditional arrangements.
|Permitted and regulated practices=Compensation for providing eggs is allowed, both for reproduction and for research.<ref name=Sing>Singapore Bioethics Advisory Committee, "[http://www.bioethics-singapore.org/uploadfile/52533%20PMEgg%20Donation%20Consultation%20Paper.pdf Donation Of Human Eggs For Research: A Consultation Paper]" (November 7, 2007)</ref>
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* The following are prohibited acts:
 +
1. Using reproductive cells or embryos provided exclusively for research purposes.
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2. Creating a human embryo other than by fertilisation.
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3. Selection of the embryo's sex. This restriction shall not apply, however,
 +
when there is a reason connected with hereditary disease.
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4. Mutual donation of sperm and oocytes.
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5. Using embryo cultured in vitro for more than seven days.
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6. Implantation of more than five embryos at a time.
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7. Using of mixed semen.
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8. Using of donated reproductive cells imported from outside the country.
 +
 
 +
SURROGACY
 +
 
 +
* Surrogacy is prohibited.<ref name=asrm>American Society for Reproductive Medicine, "[http://www.fertstert.org/issues/contents?issue_key=S0015-0282(07)X0176-6 IFFS Surveillance 07]," ''Fertility and Sterility'' (Vol. 87. No. 4, Suppl. 1, April 2007)</ref>
 +
 
 +
RESEARCH CLONING
 +
 
 +
* Research cloning is prohibited by a general prohibition on the production of embryos specifically for research.<ref name=eu>''[http://ec.europa.eu/research/biosociety/pdf/non_eu_countries_230804.pdf Survey on opinions from National Ethics Committees or similar bodies, public debate and national legislation in relation to human embryonic stem cell research and use]'', July 2004</ref>
 +
|Permitted and regulated practices=ASSISTED REPRODUCTION
 +
 
 +
* Marriage is required to receive fertility treatments.
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* Couples using assisted reproduction must sign an agreement beforehand stating that should one die or if they divorce, the eggs or sperm collected will be destroyed.  
 +
 
 +
GAMETE DONATION
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* Donors can be known or anonymous.
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* At a minimum, information about the donor's name, address, national ID card number
 +
or passport number, date of birth, height, body weight, blood type, skin color,
 +
hair color, and ethnicity will be collected.  
 +
* When the child reaches adulthood and is to marry, the child will be able to request that the Bureau of Health Promotion (BHP) check the records against the proposed spouse to make sure the couple is not close relatives.  
 +
* An individual’s eggs or sperm must be used to produce only one child, and are destroyed after successful delivery of a child conceived of that individual’s donation.  
 +
* Sperm and ovum donors agree to donate without compensation (Art 8).
 +
|Regulatory activities=
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|Accountability and governance=
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|History=
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|External links=
 
}}
 
}}
 
== References ==
 
== References ==
 
<references/>
 
<references/>

Revision as of 19:40, 22 February 2015

Taiwan (Republic of China)
Taiwan.png
Information
Region Asia
Population 22911000
GDP (millions USD) 383,307
National Policies
Eggs for assisted reproduction commercial allowed
Eggs for research commercial allowed
Inheritable genetic modification ?
Preimplantation genetic diagnosis ?
Reproductive cloning PROHIBITED
Research cloning PROHIBITED
Sex selection ?
Surrogacy PROHIBITED
International Agreements
1997 COE Biomedicine Convention not signed
1998 COE Cloning Convention not signed
2005 UN Cloning Vote n/a
2005 UNESCO Sports Doping Convention not ratified
2007 Treaty of Lisbon not signed


Contents

Key laws and policies

  • Artificial Reproduction Act 2007

Available at http://www.hpa.gov.tw/English/file/ContentFile/200901191011149200/Artificial%20Reproduction%20Act.pdf (accessed 23 February 2015).

Prohibited practices

ASSISTED REPRODUCTION

  • The law specifically excludes single people, homosexuals, and non-traditional arrangements.
  • The following are prohibited acts:

1. Using reproductive cells or embryos provided exclusively for research purposes. 2. Creating a human embryo other than by fertilisation. 3. Selection of the embryo's sex. This restriction shall not apply, however, when there is a reason connected with hereditary disease. 4. Mutual donation of sperm and oocytes. 5. Using embryo cultured in vitro for more than seven days. 6. Implantation of more than five embryos at a time. 7. Using of mixed semen. 8. Using of donated reproductive cells imported from outside the country.

SURROGACY

  • Surrogacy is prohibited.[1]

RESEARCH CLONING

  • Research cloning is prohibited by a general prohibition on the production of embryos specifically for research.[2]

Permitted and regulated practices

ASSISTED REPRODUCTION

  • Marriage is required to receive fertility treatments.
  • Couples using assisted reproduction must sign an agreement beforehand stating that should one die or if they divorce, the eggs or sperm collected will be destroyed.

GAMETE DONATION

  • Donors can be known or anonymous.
  • At a minimum, information about the donor's name, address, national ID card number

or passport number, date of birth, height, body weight, blood type, skin color, hair color, and ethnicity will be collected.

  • When the child reaches adulthood and is to marry, the child will be able to request that the Bureau of Health Promotion (BHP) check the records against the proposed spouse to make sure the couple is not close relatives.
  • An individual’s eggs or sperm must be used to produce only one child, and are destroyed after successful delivery of a child conceived of that individual’s donation.
  • Sperm and ovum donors agree to donate without compensation (Art 8).

References

  1. American Society for Reproductive Medicine, "IFFS Surveillance 07," Fertility and Sterility (Vol. 87. No. 4, Suppl. 1, April 2007)
  2. Survey on opinions from National Ethics Committees or similar bodies, public debate and national legislation in relation to human embryonic stem cell research and use, July 2004