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Region Europe
Population 9,182,927
GDP (millions USD) 455,319
National Policies
Eggs for assisted reproduction permitted
Eggs for research permitted
Inheritable genetic modification PROHIBITED
Preimplantation genetic diagnosis ?
Reproductive cloning PROHIBITED
Research cloning regulated
Sex selection ?
International Agreements
1997 COE Biomedicine Convention signed
1998 COE Cloning Convention signed
2005 UN Cloning Vote no
2005 UNESCO Sports Doping Convention RATIFIED
2007 Treaty of Lisbon signed


Key laws and policies

  • Act concerning measures for the purposes of Research or Treatment in connection with Fertilized Human Oocytes, Law No. 115 of (March 14 1991, amended April 1, 2005)
  • In Vitro Fertilization Act (1998)
  • Act on Ethics Review of Research Involving Humans, Law No. 460 (2003)

Prohibited practices

Any research which seeks to genetically modify the embryo and surrogacy are explicitly prohibited. [1]

Permitted and regulated practices

Research cloning is permitted and regulated.[2]

Providing egg is allowed, both for reproduction and for research, but it is unclear what if compensation is permitted.[3]


  1. American Society for Reproductive Medicine, "[http://www.fertstert.org/issues/contents?issue_key=S0015 -0282(07)X0176-6 IFFS Surveillance 07]," Fertility and Sterility (Vol. 87. No. 4, Suppl. 1, April 2007)
  2. Swedish Parliament OK Therapeutic Cloning Law, CellNEWS (February 3, 2005)
  3. Singapore Bioethics Advisory Committee, "Donation Of Human Eggs For Research: A Consultation Paper" (November 7, 2007)