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Spain flag 300.png
Region Europe
Population 45,200,737
GDP (millions USD) 1,438,959
National Policies
Eggs for assisted reproduction commercial allowed
Eggs for research commercial allowed
Inheritable genetic modification PROHIBITED
Preimplantation genetic diagnosis social uses prohibited
Reproductive cloning PROHIBITED
Research cloning regulated
Sex selection "social uses prohibited" is not in the list of possible values (?, PROHIBITED, regulated, Social uses prohibited, no policy) for this property.
Surrogacy unrecognized
International Agreements
1997 COE Biomedicine Convention RATIFIED
1998 COE Cloning Convention RATIFIED
2005 UN Cloning Vote no
2005 UNESCO Sports Doping Convention RATIFIED
2007 Treaty of Lisbon signed


Key laws and policies

  • Law on Assisted Human Reproduction Techniques, No. 14/2006 (May 26, 2006)
  • Biomedicine Law (2007)
  • Law on Human Tissue (1983)

Prohibited practices

The following practices are prohibited:

  • Reproductive cloning
  • Parthenogenesis (stimulating the development of an egg without fertilization by sperm, by solely feminine descent)
  • Sex selection
  • Inheritable genetic modification
  • Fertilizing an egg for any purpose other than reproduction

The law No. 35/1988 establishes that “any therapeutic intervention, investigation or research activity in pre-embryos in vitro, pre-embryos, embryos and fetuses in utero, will be authorized only if such intervention or activity does not alter its genetic make-up (in so far as it does not contain any anomaly), or if it is not aimed to individual or race selection”.[1]

Under the Law on Assisted Human Reproduction Techniques, surrogacy contracts are explicitly unrecognized, and birthrights are granted to the birthmother.

Permitted and regulated practices

Research cloning is permitted, but projects must be approved.


Research cloning was approved in cabinet in by parliament in June 2006, and the first project approved in January 2008.[2][3]

  1. Global Lawyers and Physicians for Human Rights, Database of Global Policies on Human Cloning and Germ-line engineering (Last updated February 7, 2005)
  2. "Cabinet approves therapeutuc cloning in Spain ," (September 17, 2006)
  3. "Spain gives go ahead to research using therapeutic cloning ," (January 24, 2008 )