Key laws and policies
- Law on Assisted Human Reproduction Techniques, No. 14/2006 (May 26, 2006)
- Biomedicine Law (2007)
- Law on Human Tissue (1983)
The following practices are prohibited:
- Reproductive cloning
- Parthenogenesis (stimulating the development of an egg without fertilization by sperm, by solely feminine descent)
- Sex selection
- Inheritable genetic modification
- Fertilizing an egg for any purpose other than reproduction
The law No. 35/1988 establishes that “any therapeutic intervention, investigation or research activity in pre-embryos in vitro, pre-embryos, embryos and fetuses in utero, will be authorized only if such intervention or activity does not alter its genetic make-up (in so far as it does not contain any anomaly), or if it is not aimed to individual or race selection”.
Under the Law on Assisted Human Reproduction Techniques, surrogacy contracts are explicitly unrecognized, and birthrights are granted to the birthmother.
Permitted and regulated practices
Research cloning is permitted, but projects must be approved.
- Global Lawyers and Physicians for Human Rights, Database of Global Policies on Human Cloning and Germ-line engineering (Last updated February 7, 2005)
- "Cabinet approves therapeutuc cloning in Spain ," typicallyspanish.com (September 17, 2006)
- "Spain gives go ahead to research using therapeutic cloning ," typicallyspanish.com (January 24, 2008 )