Key laws and policies
- Act on healthcare, healthcare-related services and on the amendment and supplementing of certain laws, No. 576/2004 Coll. (September 22, 2004)
- Law on health care (Law No. 277/1994 Coll. §42 (3))
- Penal Code (Law No. 140/1961 Coll.,§246a, amended September 2003)
- Reproductive and research cloning is prohibited and punishable by three to eight years imprisonment.
- The prohibitions are supported by the Slovakian Penal Code, Law 140/1961, which affirms that “any intervention aiming to create a human being in any stage of its formation, which is genetically identical to another human being whether living or dead, is prohibited.” The violation of these laws results in financial penalties and custody up to eight years.
Research on Human Embryos
- Law 277/1994 on Health Care: Research “without therapeutic purpose” on human embryos and fetuses is prohibited.
Slovakia has also ratified the Convention on Human Rights and Biomedicine and of the Additional Protocol on the Prohibition of Cloning of the Human Beings and banned all human cloning, as stated by law number 277/1994 on health care. (See http://ec.europa.eu/research/science-society/pdf/sk_eng_lr.pdf.)
- Surrogacy is prohibited.
- The woman who gives birth to a child is always seen as its mother.
Permitted and regulated practices
- IVF and most ART procedures are permitted and government subsidized
- Gamete and embryo donation is permitted.
- Note egg donation is only available for people who do not have ovaries or do not produce eggs.
- Donor information is confidential but may be provided to the child on request.
Slavika Karajicic, "Policy on Assisted Reproduction in Slovakia, Health Policy Institute," 2013, available at http://www.hpi.sk/cdata/Publications/HPI_Policy_on_Assited_Reproduction_in_Slovakia_2013_Eng.pdf, (accessed 23 February 2015).