Difference between revisions of "Russia"

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Revision as of 15:50, 3 March 2010

Russian Federation
Russia flag.gif
Region Europe
Population 142,008,838
GDP (millions USD) 1,289,582
National Policies
Eggs for assisted reproduction commercial allowed
Eggs for research commercial allowed
Inheritable genetic modification ?
Preimplantation genetic diagnosis social uses prohibited
Reproductive cloning PROHIBITED
Research cloning PROHIBITED
Sex selection "social uses prohibited" is not in the list of possible values (?, PROHIBITED, regulated, Social uses prohibited, no policy) for this property.
Surrogacy commercial allowed
International Agreements
1997 COE Biomedicine Convention not signed
1998 COE Cloning Convention not signed
2005 UN Cloning Vote no vote
2005 UNESCO Sports Doping Convention RATIFIED


Key laws and policies

  • On transplantation of human organs (tissues)* (22.12.1992 № 4179-1,)
  • Family Code (1995)
  • On temporary prohibition of human cloning (№ 54 FZ, 2002)

Prohibited practices

Reproductive cloning is prohibited under a five-year moratorium, renewed in 2010.[1] Research cloning is prohibited.[2]

Permitted and regulated practices

Surrogacy, including payments, is explicitly permitted by the 1995 Family Code.[3]

Payments for gametes is allowed by the Law On transplantation of human organs.[3]

PGDs and sex selection are allowed only when there is a risk of giving birth to children with hereditary pathologies.[3]


A five-year moratorium on human reproductive cloning expired in 2007 and was not renewed until 2010.

The 2008 Patent Act for the first time explicitly prohibits patents involving human cloning, modifications of human cell lines and the use of embryos.[4]


  1. "Russia extends human cloning ban," RiaNovosti (October 2, 2009)
  2. Human Fertility and Embryology Authority (UK), "Hybrids and Chimeras: Findings of the Consultation, Annex C – International Perspective," September 5, 2007
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Konstantin Svitnev, "Russian Legislation", European Society for Human Reproduction and Embryology (accessed on June 1, 2008)
  4. Petja Papula, "Russian IP Reform Brings Changes in Patenting," IPRInfo (January, 2008), accessed on July 8, 2008.