United Nations

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The United Nations is the world’s foremost international organization. In 2001 France and Germany proposed a binding UN treaty calling for a prohibition on human reproductive cloning, and an early procedural vote suggested unanimous support for this. Subsequently, a significant number of countries expressed opposition to banning reproductive cloning without simultaneously banning research cloning. This led to extended controversy, and the debate became, essentially, a debate over the acceptability of research cloning. By 2003 it became clear that a consensus concerning this topic could not be achieved. In 2005 a non-binding Declaration implying opposition to research cloning was brought to a vote. It received a plurality of votes (46%), which under UN rules makes it the official UN position. But the fact that the Declaration was non-binding, and that 36% of UN member countries abstained or were absent from the vote, reduces its significance.

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Table

The Table shows how each member state voted on the motion to approve the 2005 Declaration on Human Cloning.

You can click the icon in any column heading to sort by that column. To sort the other direction, click it again.

Key

  • YES: This country voted in favor of the Declaration, indicating support for a ban on both reproductive and research cloning.
  • no: This country voted against the Declaration, indicating support for a ban on reproductive cloning only.
  • abstain: This country took an official position of abstaining from voting on the Declaration.
  • no vote: This country’s delegate was absent at the time of the vote, or otherwise refrained from voting.


You can click the icon in any column heading to sort by that column. To sort the other direction, click it again.


Country Region Population 2005 UN Cloning Vote
Afghanistan Asia 3188990031,889,900 YES
Albania Europe 36005203,600,520 YES
Algeria Africa 3333320033,333,200 abstained
Andorra Europe 7182271,822 YES
Angola Africa 1594100015,941,000 abstained
Antigua and Barbuda Latin America 8278682,786 no vote
Argentina Latin America 4030192740,301,927 abstained
Armenia Asia 32299003,229,900 no vote
Australia Oceania 2126000021,260,000 YES
Austria Europe 83164908,316,490 YES
Azerbaijan Asia 86530008,653,000 abstained
Bahamas Latin America 330549330,549 abstained
Bahrain Asia 10468101,046,810 YES
Bangladesh Asia 150448000150,448,000 YES
Barbados Latin America 279000279,000 abstained
Belarus Europe 96898009,689,800 no
Belgium Europe 1058450010,584,500 no
Belize Latin America 314275314,275 YES
Benin Africa 84390008,439,000 YES
Bhutan Asia 672425672,425 no vote
Bolivia Latin America 91191509,119,150 YES
Bosnia and Herzegovina Europe 39812403,981,240 YES
Botswana Africa 16398301,639,830 no vote
Brazil Latin America 186758000186,758,000 no
Brunei Asia 391450391,450 YES
Bulgaria Europe 79330007,933,000 no
Burkina Faso Africa 1322800013,228,000 abstained
Burundi Africa 75480007,548,000 YES
Cambodia Asia 1397100013,971,000 no
Cameroon Africa 1779500017,795,000 abstained
Canada Northern America 3325500033,255,000 no
Cape Verde Africa 499796499,796 abstained
Central African Republic Africa 42166704,216,670 no vote
Chad Africa 1078060010,780,600 no vote
Chile Latin America 1659810016,598,100 YES
China Asia 13218518881.321852e+9 no
Colombia Latin America 4408700044,087,000 abstained
Comoros Africa 798000798,000 YES
Cook Islands Oceania 1870018,700
Costa Rica Latin America 41338844,133,884 YES
Croatia Europe 44535004,453,500 YES
Cuba Latin America 1139400011,394,000 no
Cyprus Asia 788457788,457 no
Czech Republic Europe 1038110010,381,100 no
Côte d'Ivoire Africa 1801340018,013,400 YES
Democratic Republic of the Congo Africa 6.26E+762,600,000 YES
Denmark Europe 54757905,475,790 no
Djibouti Africa 496374496,374 YES
Dominica Latin America 7172771,727 no vote
Dominican Republic Latin America 97600009,760,000 YES
Ecuador Latin America 1375570013,755,700 YES
Egypt Africa 8033500080,335,000 abstained
El Salvador Latin America 6.6E+66,600,000 YES
Equatorial Guinea Africa 504000504,000 YES
Eritrea Africa 44010104,401,010 YES
Estonia Europe 13406001,340,600 no
Ethiopia Africa 7506700075,067,000 YES
Fiji Oceania 853445853,445 no vote
Finland Europe 53082105,308,210 no
France Europe 6447310064,473,100 no
Gabon Africa 14548701,454,870 no
Gambia Africa 1.7E+61,700,000 no vote
Georgia Asia 46614704,661,470 YES
Germany Europe 8221000082,210,000 YES
Ghana Africa 2.3E+723,000,000 no vote
Greece Europe 1121670011,216,700 no vote
Grenada Latin America 110000110,000 YES
Guatemala Latin America 1.3E+713,000,000 YES
Guinea Africa 94020009,402,000 no vote
Guinea-Bissau Africa 15860001,586,000 no vote
Guyana Latin America 751000751,000 YES
Haiti Latin America 87065008,706,500 YES
Honduras Latin America 74837607,483,760 YES
Hungary Europe 1005300010,053,000 YES
Iceland Europe 316252316,252 no
India Asia 11324460001.132446e+9 no
Indonesia Asia 234694000234,694,000 abstained
Iran Asia 7120800071,208,000 abstained
Iraq Asia 2926700029,267,000 YES
Ireland Europe 60000006,000,000 YES
Israel Asia 72820007,282,000 abstained
Italy Europe 5944820059,448,200 YES
Jamaica Latin America 26510002,651,000 no
Japan Asia 127433494127,433,494 no
Jordan Asia 60531906,053,190 abstained
Kazakhstan Asia 1521770015,217,700 YES
Kenya Africa 3470780034,707,800 YES
Kuwait Asia 23905402,390,540 YES
Kyrgyzstan Asia 52640005,264,000 no vote
Laos Asia 65220006,522,000 no
Latvia Europe 22707002,270,700 no
Lebanon Asia 41964504,196,450 abstained
Lesotho Africa 17950001,795,000 YES
Liberia Africa 33860003,386,000 YES
Libya Africa 61735806,173,580 no vote
Liechtenstein Europe 3536535,365 YES
Lithuania Europe 33696003,369,600 no
Luxembourg Europe 480222480,222 no
Macedonia Europe 20385102,038,510 YES
Madagascar Africa 1944880019,448,800 YES
Malawi Africa 1288400012,884,000 no vote
Malaysia Asia 2749600027,496,000 abstained
Maldives Asia 300000300,000 abstained
Mali Africa 1199540011,995,400 no vote
Malta Europe 402000402,000 YES
Marshall Islands Oceania 6196361,963 YES
Mauritania Africa 30690003,069,000 no vote
Mauritius Africa 12567401,256,740 YES
Mexico Latin America 108700891108,700,891 YES
Micronesia Oceania 107862107,862 YES
Moldova Europe 41280504,128,050 abstained
Monaco Europe 3267132,671 YES
Mongolia Asia 29517902,951,790 abstained
Montenegro Europe 684736684,736
Morocco Africa 3375720033,757,200 YES
Mozambique Africa 2139700021,397,000 no vote
Myanmar Asia 5539000055,390,000 abstained
Namibia Africa 18209201,820,920 abstained
Nauru Oceania 92759,275 no vote
Nepal Asia 2890180028,901,800 abstained
Netherlands Europe 1640860016,408,600 no
New Zealand Oceania 42520004,252,000 no
Nicaragua Latin America 56030005,603,000 YES
Niger Africa 1395700013,957,000 no vote
Nigeria Africa 1.48E+8148,000,000 no vote
North Korea Asia 2330170023,301,700 no
Norway Europe 47527404,752,740 no
Oman Asia 32049003,204,900 abstained
Pakistan Asia 1.693E+8169,300,000 abstained
Palau Oceania 2084220,842 YES
Panama Latin America 33200003,320,000 YES
Papua New Guinea Oceania 6.3E+66,300,000 no vote
Paraguay Latin America 61580006,158,000 YES
Peru Latin America 2867480028,674,800 no vote
Philippines Asia 9.05E+790,500,000 YES
Poland Europe 3851820038,518,200 YES
Portugal Europe 1084870010,848,700 YES
Qatar Asia 907229907,229 YES
Republic of the Congo Africa 39990003,999,000 no vote
Romania Europe 2224690022,246,900 abstained
Russia Europe 142008838142,008,838 no vote
Rwanda Africa 1018610010,186,100 YES
Saint Kitts and Nevis Latin America 4269642,696 YES
Saint Lucia Latin America 160765160,765 YES
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Latin America 110000110,000 YES
Samoa Oceania 214265214,265 YES
San Marino Europe 2961529,615 YES
Sao Tome and Principe Africa 157000157,000 YES
Saudi Arabia Asia 2760100027,601,000 YES
Senegal Africa 1165800011,658,000 no vote
Serbia Europe 1015030010,150,300 abstained
Seychelles Africa 8069980,699 no vote
Sierra Leone Africa 5.9E+65,900,000 YES
Singapore Asia 46806004,680,600 no
Slovakia Europe 54475025,447,502 YES
Slovenia Europe 20233602,023,360 YES
Solomon Islands Oceania 552438552,438 YES
Somalia Africa 95586709,558,670 abstained
South Africa Africa 4370000043,700,000 abstained
South Korea Asia 4904479049,044,790 no
Spain Europe 4520070045,200,700 no
Sri Lanka Asia 1966800019,668,000 abstained
Sudan Africa 3937940039,379,400 YES
Suriname Latin America 470784470,784 YES
Swaziland Africa 10320001,032,000 no vote
Sweden Europe 91829309,182,930 no
Switzerland Europe 75914007,591,400 YES
Syrian Arab Republic Asia 1940500019,405,000 abstained
Taiwan Asia 2291100022,911,000
Tajikistan Asia 69203006,920,300 YES
Tanzania Africa 3784910037,849,100 YES
Thailand Asia 6303820063,038,200 no
Timor-Leste Asia 11150001,115,000 YES
Togo Africa 5.7E+65,700,000 no vote
Tonga Oceania 112000112,000 no
Trinidad and Tobago Latin America 13050001,305,000 YES
Tunisia Africa 1010200010,102,000 abstained
Turkey Asia 7058625670,586,256 abstained
Turkmenistan Asia 51100205,110,020 no vote
Tuvalu Oceania 1199211,992 no vote
Uganda Africa 3.09E+730,900,000 YES
Ukraine Europe 4637270046,372,700 abstained
United Arab Emirates Asia 4637270046,372,700 YES
United Kingdom Europe 6058730060,587,300 no
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland Europe 6058730060,587,300 no
United States
United States of America Northern America 304072000304,072,000 YES
Uruguay Latin America 34606103,460,610 abstained
Uzbekistan Asia 2659300026,593,000 YES
Vanuatu Oceania 209000209,000 no vote
Venezuela Latin America 2819980028,199,800 no vote
Vietnam Asia 8737500087,375,000 no vote
Yemen Africa 2301340023,013,400 abstained
Zambia Africa 1166800011,668,000 YES
Zimbabwe Africa 1301000013,010,000 abstained
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