Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

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The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) is an intergovernmental organisation of thirty countries that accept the principles of representative democracy and free market economy. It provides a forum in which governments can share policy experiences, identify good practices, and coordinate domestic and international policies addressing economic, environmental and social issues. According to Wikipedia, it is a forum 'where peer pressure can act as a powerful incentive to improve policy and implement 'soft law' — non-binding instruments that can occasionally lead to binding treaties." Discussions at the OECD on taxation and transfer pricing, for example, have paved the way for bilateral tax treaties around the world.

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Key

  • PROHIBITED: This practice is prohibited by national law or policies having the force of law.
  • regulated: This practice is allowed and regulated by national law or policies having the force of law.
  • permitted: This practice is allowed by national law or policies having the force of law, but is not regulated.
  • allowed: This practice is allowed by national law or policies having the force of law, but social uses are not prohibited.
  • social uses prohibited: Social (or nonmedical) use of this practice is prohibited by national law or policies having the force of law.
  • commercial prohibited: Commercial use of this practice is prohibited by national law or policies having the force of law, but non-commercial use is allowed.
  • commercial allowed: Commercial use of this practice is allowed by national law or policies having the force of law.
  • permitted: This practice is allowed by national law or policies having the force of law, but policies concerning compensation are unknown.
  • unrecognized: Surrogacy contracts are explicitly unrecognized by national law or by other mechanism which carries the force of law.
  • no policy: This practice is not addressed by national law or policies having the force of law.
  • ?: It is unknown whether this practice is addressed by national law or policies having the force of law.


Note: The categories defined in the key and used in the table characterize the polices in any given country in a broad manner. Consult the page for each country for more detailed accounts of current policies.
 

Table: National policies

The Table shows policies currently in effect regarding the laws and policies currently in effect in OECD countries regarding the highlighted practices and technologies.

You can click the icon in any column heading to sort by that column. To sort the other direction, click it again.


  Population GDP Eggs for assisted reproduction Eggs for research Inheritable genetic modification Preimplantation genetic diagnosis Reproductive cloning Research cloning Sex selection Surrogacy
Australia 21,260,000 908,826 commercial prohibited commercial prohibited PROHIBITED social uses prohibited PROHIBITED regulated Social uses prohibited commercial prohibited
Austria 8,316,487 373,943 PROHIBITED PROHIBITED PROHIBITED PROHIBITED PROHIBITED PROHIBITED PROHIBITED PROHIBITED
Belgium 10,584,534 453,636 commercial prohibited commercial prohibited PROHIBITED social uses prohibited PROHIBITED regulated ? commercial prohibited
Canada 33,255,000 1,432,140 commercial prohibited commercial prohibited PROHIBITED social uses prohibited PROHIBITED PROHIBITED Social uses prohibited commercial prohibited
Czech Republic 10,381,130 175,309 commercial prohibited ? PROHIBITED social uses prohibited PROHIBITED PROHIBITED ? commercial prohibited
Denmark 5,475,791 311,905 commercial allowed permitted PROHIBITED social uses prohibited PROHIBITED PROHIBITED Social uses prohibited commercial prohibited
Finland 5,308,208 245,013 commercial prohibited commercial prohibited PROHIBITED social uses prohibited PROHIBITED regulated Social uses prohibited PROHIBITED
France 64,473,140 2,560,255 commercial allowed commercial prohibited PROHIBITED social uses prohibited PROHIBITED PROHIBITED Social uses prohibited PROHIBITED
Germany 82,210,000 3,322,147 PROHIBITED ? PROHIBITED social uses prohibited PROHIBITED PROHIBITED Social uses prohibited PROHIBITED
Greece 11,216,708 314,615 commercial prohibited commercial prohibited PROHIBITED social uses prohibited PROHIBITED PROHIBITED Social uses prohibited commercial prohibited
Hungary 10,053,000 138,388 commercial allowed commercial allowed PROHIBITED social uses prohibited PROHIBITED PROHIBITED Social uses prohibited commercial prohibited
Iceland 316,252 20,003 permitted permitted PROHIBITED social uses prohibited PROHIBITED PROHIBITED ? PROHIBITED
Ireland 6,000,000 258,574 commercial prohibited ? ? ? PROHIBITED PROHIBITED ? commercial prohibited
Italy 59,448,163 2,104,666 PROHIBITED PROHIBITED PROHIBITED social uses prohibited PROHIBITED PROHIBITED ? PROHIBITED
Japan 127,433,494 4,383,762 PROHIBITED commercial prohibited PROHIBITED no policy PROHIBITED regulated no policy no policy
Luxembourg 480,222 50,160 ? ? ? ? PROHIBITED PROHIBITED ? no policy
Mexico 108,700,891 893,365 no policy ? PROHIBITED no policy PROHIBITED PROHIBITED ? commercial prohibited
Netherlands 16,408,557 768,704 commercial prohibited commercial prohibited PROHIBITED social uses prohibited PROHIBITED PROHIBITED Social uses prohibited commercial prohibited
New Zealand 4,252,000 128,141 commercial prohibited commercial prohibited PROHIBITED social uses prohibited PROHIBITED PROHIBITED PROHIBITED commercial prohibited
Norway 4,752,735 391,498 PROHIBITED PROHIBITED PROHIBITED social uses prohibited PROHIBITED PROHIBITED Social uses prohibited PROHIBITED
Poland 38,518,241 420,284 ? ? PROHIBITED ? PROHIBITED PROHIBITED ? PROHIBITED
Portugal 10,848,692 223,303 permitted ? PROHIBITED social uses prohibited PROHIBITED PROHIBITED ? PROHIBITED
Slovakia 5,447,502 74,988 permitted ? PROHIBITED social uses prohibited PROHIBITED PROHIBITED ? no policy
South Korea 49,044,790 957,053 commercial prohibited commercial prohibited PROHIBITED social uses prohibited PROHIBITED regulated PROHIBITED commercial prohibited
Spain 45,200,737 1,438,959 commercial prohibited commercial allowed PROHIBITED social uses prohibited PROHIBITED regulated ? PROHIBITED
Sweden 9,182,927 455,319 commercial prohibited permitted PROHIBITED social uses prohibited PROHIBITED regulated Social uses prohibited PROHIBITED
Switzerland 7,591,400 423,938 PROHIBITED ? PROHIBITED PROHIBITED PROHIBITED PROHIBITED PROHIBITED PROHIBITED
Turkey 70,586,256 663,419 PROHIBITED ? PROHIBITED social uses prohibited no policy no policy ? PROHIBITED
United Kingdom 60,587,300 2,772,570 commercial prohibited commercial prohibited PROHIBITED social uses prohibited PROHIBITED regulated Social uses prohibited commercial prohibited