New Zealand

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New Zealand
Region Oceania
Population 4,252,000
GDP (millions USD) 128,141
National Policies
Eggs for assisted reproduction commercial prohibited
Eggs for research commercial prohibited
Inheritable genetic modification PROHIBITED
Preimplantation genetic diagnosis social uses prohibited
Reproductive cloning PROHIBITED
Research cloning PROHIBITED
Sex selection PROHIBITED
Surrogacy commercial prohibited; unrecognized
International Agreements
2005 UN Cloning Vote no
2005 UNESCO Sports Doping Convention RATIFIED

Key laws and policies

Prohibited practices

The 2004 Act prohibits in Schedule 1:

  • Human reproductive cloning
  • Implantation of chimeras
  • Implantation of genetically modified embryos

It also prohibits:

  • The development of in vitro embryos beyond 14 days or the appearance of the primitive streak
  • Social sex selection
  • Sale of embryos and gametes
  • Commercial surrogacy

Permitted and regulated practices

Surrogacy arrangements are not illegal but not enforceable. Reasonable and necessary expenses may be reimbursed.

PGD may not be used for social reasons, including sex selection, to "alter the genetic constitution of an embryo" or to select for "a genetic impairment seen in a parent."