Difference between revisions of "Lithuania"

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|Surrogacy=no policy
 
|Surrogacy=no policy
 
|European Union=Member
 
|European Union=Member
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|Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development=
 
|Council of Europe=Member
 
|Council of Europe=Member
 
|1997 COE Biomedicine Convention=RATIFIED
 
|1997 COE Biomedicine Convention=RATIFIED
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|2005 UNESCO Sports Doping Convention=RATIFIED
 
|2005 UNESCO Sports Doping Convention=RATIFIED
 
|Treaty of Lisbon=RATIFIED
 
|Treaty of Lisbon=RATIFIED
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|Introduction=
 
|Key laws and policies=* [http://www3.lrs.lt/pls/inter3/dokpaieska.showdoc_e?p_id=148740 Law on Ethics of Biomedical Research] No. VIII-1679 (May 11, 2000)
 
|Key laws and policies=* [http://www3.lrs.lt/pls/inter3/dokpaieska.showdoc_e?p_id=148740 Law on Ethics of Biomedical Research] No. VIII-1679 (May 11, 2000)
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* Law on Donation and Transplantation of Human Tissues, Cells and Organs (no. I-1626), 1996, http://www3.lrs.lt/pls/inter3/dokpaieska.showdoc_l?p_id=314396.
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* Order No 248 of 24 May 1999 of the Minister of Health of the Republic of Lithuania.
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|Foundational values=The Law on Ethics of Biomedical Research states that "Biomedical research must be conducted according to the principle whereby  the interests of the human being  prevail over the interests of society and science."
 
|Foundational values=The Law on Ethics of Biomedical Research states that "Biomedical research must be conducted according to the principle whereby  the interests of the human being  prevail over the interests of society and science."
 
|Prohibited practices=The Law on Ethics of Biomedical Research prohibits  
 
|Prohibited practices=The Law on Ethics of Biomedical Research prohibits  
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* Somatic genetic enhancement
 
* Somatic genetic enhancement
 
* Inheritable genetic modification
 
* Inheritable genetic modification
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EGG, SPERM and EMBRYO DONATION
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Donation of gametes and embryos is not permitted (and if used, the donor of the gametes would be considered the legal parent).
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COMMERCIAL SURROGACY
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The Civil Code of Lithuania prohibits commercial arrangements related to the human body and recognizes an individual as a legal entity rather an object of arrangements.
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In Lithuania, the first draft Law on assisted reproduction was registered in 2002 and  subsequently in 2003, 2004 and 2010. During this period, the draft laws regulating assisted reproduction submitted by different authors were discussed in the committees of the Seimas of the Republic of Lithuania and in the public; however, no agreement has been reached on the legal regulation of ART yet. The draft Law on assisted reproduction registered and considered in the Seimas of the Republic of Lithuania in 2010 proposed inter alia to provide that civil arrangements where one woman undertakes to conceive, to carry and to give a baby to another person or persons after the birth, thus waiving her maternity rights to a born baby (surrogacy), are null and void.
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|Permitted and regulated practices=ASSISTED REPRODUCTION
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* available only for married couples and they must use their own gametes;
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* both must consent, both must have 'full civil active capacity';
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* a woman must be an adult under the age of 45 years;
 +
* both spouses must undergo a medical examination proving that pregnancy and childbirth will not pose any threat to the life and health of the woman and an unborn child;
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 +
Procedures available: IUI, GIFT, IVF, ICSI, ZIFT.
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 +
Private surrogacy arrangements (non-commercial) may occur, but would be very limited. A Court would have to hear reasons, and the issue would be closed. There are no available judgments on the issue.
 +
 
|Regulatory activities=The Law on Ethics of Biomedical Research states that "Biomedical research in Lithuania may be performed only subject to an approval obtained from the [http://www.sam.lt/bioetika/ Lithuanian Bioethics Committee] or the Regional Biomedical Research Ethics Committee."
 
|Regulatory activities=The Law on Ethics of Biomedical Research states that "Biomedical research in Lithuania may be performed only subject to an approval obtained from the [http://www.sam.lt/bioetika/ Lithuanian Bioethics Committee] or the Regional Biomedical Research Ethics Committee."
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|Accountability and governance=
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|History=In Lithuania, there have been draft laws on assisted reproduction, (in 2002 and  subsequently in 2003, 2004 and 2010). However, no agreement has been reached on the legal further regulation of ART or surrogacy.
 
|External links=* Eugenijus Gefenas and Asta Cekanauskaite, ''[http://ec.europa.eu/research/science-society/pdf/lt_eng_lr.pdf National Regulations on Ethics and Research in Lithuania],'' European Commission, Brussels (2003)
 
|External links=* Eugenijus Gefenas and Asta Cekanauskaite, ''[http://ec.europa.eu/research/science-society/pdf/lt_eng_lr.pdf National Regulations on Ethics and Research in Lithuania],'' European Commission, Brussels (2003)
 
}}
 
}}

Revision as of 19:58, 21 February 2015

Lithuania
Lithuania-flag.gif
Information
Region Europe
Population 3369600
GDP (millions USD) 38,345
National Policies
Eggs for assisted reproduction ?
Eggs for research ?
Inheritable genetic modification PROHIBITED
Preimplantation genetic diagnosis PROHIBITED
Reproductive cloning PROHIBITED
Research cloning PROHIBITED
Sex selection ?
Surrogacy no policy
International Agreements
1997 COE Biomedicine Convention RATIFIED
1998 COE Cloning Convention RATIFIED
2005 UN Cloning Vote no
2005 UNESCO Sports Doping Convention RATIFIED
2007 Treaty of Lisbon RATIFIED


Contents

Key laws and policies

  • Order No 248 of 24 May 1999 of the Minister of Health of the Republic of Lithuania.

Foundational values

The Law on Ethics of Biomedical Research states that "Biomedical research must be conducted according to the principle whereby the interests of the human being prevail over the interests of society and science."

Prohibited practices

The Law on Ethics of Biomedical Research prohibits

  • Human cloning
  • "Invasive" research on human embryos

In addition, Lithuania's ratification of the Council of Europe's Convention on Biomedicine commits it to prohibitions on:

  • PGD for social uses
  • Research cloning
  • Somatic genetic enhancement
  • Inheritable genetic modification

EGG, SPERM and EMBRYO DONATION

Donation of gametes and embryos is not permitted (and if used, the donor of the gametes would be considered the legal parent).

COMMERCIAL SURROGACY

The Civil Code of Lithuania prohibits commercial arrangements related to the human body and recognizes an individual as a legal entity rather an object of arrangements.


In Lithuania, the first draft Law on assisted reproduction was registered in 2002 and subsequently in 2003, 2004 and 2010. During this period, the draft laws regulating assisted reproduction submitted by different authors were discussed in the committees of the Seimas of the Republic of Lithuania and in the public; however, no agreement has been reached on the legal regulation of ART yet. The draft Law on assisted reproduction registered and considered in the Seimas of the Republic of Lithuania in 2010 proposed inter alia to provide that civil arrangements where one woman undertakes to conceive, to carry and to give a baby to another person or persons after the birth, thus waiving her maternity rights to a born baby (surrogacy), are null and void.

Permitted and regulated practices

ASSISTED REPRODUCTION

  • available only for married couples and they must use their own gametes;
  • both must consent, both must have 'full civil active capacity';
  • a woman must be an adult under the age of 45 years;
  • both spouses must undergo a medical examination proving that pregnancy and childbirth will not pose any threat to the life and health of the woman and an unborn child;

Procedures available: IUI, GIFT, IVF, ICSI, ZIFT.

Private surrogacy arrangements (non-commercial) may occur, but would be very limited. A Court would have to hear reasons, and the issue would be closed. There are no available judgments on the issue.

Regulatory activities

The Law on Ethics of Biomedical Research states that "Biomedical research in Lithuania may be performed only subject to an approval obtained from the Lithuanian Bioethics Committee or the Regional Biomedical Research Ethics Committee."

History

In Lithuania, there have been draft laws on assisted reproduction, (in 2002 and subsequently in 2003, 2004 and 2010). However, no agreement has been reached on the legal further regulation of ART or surrogacy.

External links