Key laws and policies
- Law on Sexual and Reproductive Health eksuālās un reproduktīvās veselības likums, July 2002, amended 2004) (English translation available at http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---ed_protect/---protrav/---ilo_aids/documents/legaldocument/wcms_127921.pdf.)
- See also specific regulations defined and approved by the Cabinet of Ministers, e.g. Regulation No. 716.
- The Latvian Association of Gynecologists and Obstetricians has also developed clinical guidelines: “Diagnosis and Treatment of Infertility. Clinical guidelines.” (See http://www.vmnvd.gov.lv/lv/420-kliniskas-vadlinijas/klinisko-vadliniju-datu-baze/registretas-2012gada/neauglbas-diagnostika-un-rstana-klnisks-vadlnijas.)
- Surrogacy is neither expressly prohibited nor permitted by law in Latvia, but it is reported that it is not practiced (IFFS Surveillance, 2013).
Articles 15 and 16 of the Law on Sexual and Reproductive Health prohibit:
- Reproductive cloning
- The creation of human embryos for research purposes
- Social sex selection
- Commercial uses of gametes and embryos
Surrogacy is not permitted.
Permitted and regulated practices
Assisted Reproduction (See Articles 12-22)
- Assisted reproduction is available to heterosexual couples.
- Infertility is a requirement.
- Donor gametes may be used.
- Male sperm donors must be 18 to 45 years and female egg donors 18 to 35 years (Section 17).
- It is prohibited to use a donor to create more than three children.
- Payment is not allowed.
BioMed Research International Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 307160, 14 pages
Francesco Paolo Busardò, et al. "The Evolution of Legislation in the Field of Medically Assisted Reproduction and Embryo Stem Cell Research in European Union Members." BioMed Research International, Volume 2014 (2014), http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/307160; http://www.hindawi.com/journals/bmri/2014/307160/, (accessed 22 February 2015).