Italy

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Italy
Italy.jpg
Information
Region Europe
Population 59,448,163
GDP (millions USD) 2,104,666
National Policies
Eggs for assisted reproduction PROHIBITED
Eggs for research PROHIBITED
Inheritable genetic modification PROHIBITED
Preimplantation genetic diagnosis social uses prohibited
Reproductive cloning PROHIBITED
Research cloning PROHIBITED
Sex selection "social uses prohibited" is not in the list of possible values (?, PROHIBITED, regulated, Social uses prohibited, no policy) for this property.
Surrogacy PROHIBITED
International Agreements
1997 COE Biomedicine Convention signed
1998 COE Cloning Convention signed
2005 UN Cloning Vote YES
2005 UNESCO Sports Doping Convention RATIFIED
2007 Treaty of Lisbon signed


Contents

Key laws and policies

Prohibited practices

The Medically Assisted Procreation Law prohibits:[1]

  • Sperm or egg donation
  • Surrogacy
  • Embryo freezing
  • Embryo research

Permitted and regulated practices

Fertilized human eggs may be used only for medically assisted procreation.[2]

Preimplantation genetic diagnosis is allowed exceptionally by court order on a case-by-case basis.[3]

Sex selection of embryos is only allowed if the embryo is at risk of sex-linked pathologies, and apparently only by sperm sorting.[4]

"Artificial insemination is limited to heterosexuals of childbearing age who are married or can prove they are in a stable relationship."[1]


History

The 2004 Law "was widely seen as a Catholic backlash against Italy's reputation for producing a handful of maverick fertility experts."[1] A referendum to modify it failed due to lack of voter turnout after the Catholic church urged a boycott.[5]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "Italians to vote on fertility law," BBC (January 13, 2005)
  2. Rosario M. Isasi and Bartha M. Knoppers, "Mind the Gap: Policy Approaches to Embryonic Stem Cell and Cloning Research in 50 Countries," European Journal of Health Law (Vol. 13 No. 1, 2006)
  3. Fabio Turone, "Italian court upholds couple's demand for preimplantation genetic diagnosis," BMJ (Vol. 335 No. 7622, October 6, 2007)
  4. "What Is Legal?" BioNet, accessed on July 7, 2008
  5. Ian Fisher, "Italian Vote to Ease Fertility Law Fails for Want of Voters," New York Times (June 14, 2005)