Key laws and policies
- The Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (Regulation and Prevention of Misuse) Amendment Act (1994, amended 2003)
- Ethical Policies on the Human Genome, Genetic Research and Services, Department of Biotechnology, Ministry of Science and Technology (June 2001)
- National Guidelines for Accreditation, Supervision and Regulation of ART Clinics in India, Indian Council of Medical Research (2005)
- Guidelines for Stem Cell Research and Therapy, Indian Council of Medical Research (2007)
- Ethical Guidelines for Biomedical Research on Human Participants, Indian Council of Medical Research (2006)
Sex selection by any means is prohibited in the Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques Amendment Act, which was subsequently amended to reflect technological developments. The Indian Council of Medical Research’s National Guidelines for Accreditation, Supervision and Regulation of ART Clinics permits an exception for sex selection by PGD "to avoid the risk of transmission of a genetic abnormality assessed through PGD."
Reproductive cloning and inheritable genetic modification are prohibited by the Department of Biotechnology's Ethical Policies on the Human Genome, Genetic Research and Services, the Indian Council of Medical Research's Ethical Guidelines for Biomedical Research on Human Participants, and the Council's Guidelines for Stem Cell Research and Therapy.
Permitted and regulated practices
Preimplantation genetic diagnosis is allowed in case of suspected medical conditions based on parental history, including both genetic conditions and the age of the mother.
Commercial surrogacy was legalized in 2002, and loosely regulated under 2005 guidelines from the Indian Council of Medical Research. In February 2008, the Ministry of Women and Child Development considered new legislation.
- Mahendra Kumar Singh, "New laws to rein in 'womb business'," Times of India (October 31, 2007)
- Amelia Gentleman, "India Nurtures Business of Surrogate Motherhood," New York Times (March 10, 2008)
- American Society for Reproductive Medicine, "IFFS Surveillance 07," Fertility and Sterility (Vol. 87. No. 4, Suppl. 1, April 2007)
- Singapore Bioethics Advisory Committee, Donation Of Human Eggs For Research: A Consultation Paper (November 7, 2007)