Key laws and policies
- Medical Research Act No. 488/1999 (1999, amended 2004)
Section 13 of the Medical Research Act bans the creation of embryos exclusively for the purpose of research."
Section 26, Imposes penalties on anyone who "conducts research with the aim of:
- cloning human beings;
- creating a human being by combining embryos;
- creating a human being by combining human gametes and genes from animals."
However, "the act defines embryo as a fusion of gametes, so therapeutic cloning is permitted, but reproductive cloning is prohibited."
The prohibition on inheritable genetic modification is implicit.
Permitted and regulated practices
The Medical Research Act bans research "for the purpose of developing procedures for modifying hereditary properties ..., unless the research is for the purpose of curing or preventing a serious hereditary disease."
- Kirstin Matthews, "World Cloning Policies," accessed on July 2, 2008
- Merja Tuomi-Nikula, "Clinical concerns with the new Finnish fertility law," BioNews (March 6, 2006)
- Ministry of Justice, "Act on fertility treatment in force" (September 11, 2007)