Key laws and policies
The right to life from the moment of conception is recognized by Article 49, par. 1, of the Constitution.
The Constitution prohibits research on human embryos, thus implicitly banning cloning.
Permitted and regulated practices
No laws or guidelines address assisted reproduction. Donor eggs are, in practice, used for women over 40 with fertility problems. Surrogacy occurs.
- Alexander McCall Smith and Michel Revel, "The Use of Embryonic Stem Cells In Therapeutic Research," UNESCO International Bioethics Committee (IBC), Paris (6 April, 2001)
- Rosario M. Isasi, Bartha M. Knoppers, Peter A. Singer, Abdallah S. Daar, "Legal and Ethical Approaches to Stem Cell and Cloning Research: A Comparative Analysis of Policies in Latin America, Asia, and Africa," The Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics (Vol. 32, No. 4, January 2004)
- American Society for Reproductive Medicine, "IFFS Surveillance 07," Fertility and Sterility (Vol. 87., No. 4, Suppl. 1, April 2007)