Ecuador

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Ecuador
Ecuador-flag.gif
Information
Region Latin America
Population 13,755,680
GDP (millions USD) 44,184
National Policies
Eggs for assisted reproduction no policy
Eggs for research ?
Inheritable genetic modification ?
Preimplantation genetic diagnosis ?
Reproductive cloning PROHIBITED
Research cloning PROHIBITED
Sex selection no policy
Surrogacy no policy
International Agreements
2005 UN Cloning Vote YES
2005 UNESCO Sports Doping Convention RATIFIED


Contents

Key laws and policies

Foundational values

The right to life from the moment of conception is recognized by Article 49, par. 1, of the Constitution.[1]

Prohibited practices

The Constitution prohibits research on human embryos, thus implicitly banning cloning.[2]

Permitted and regulated practices

No laws or guidelines address assisted reproduction. Donor eggs are, in practice, used for women over 40 with fertility problems. Surrogacy occurs.[3]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Alexander McCall Smith and Michel Revel, "The Use of Embryonic Stem Cells In Therapeutic Research," UNESCO International Bioethics Committee (IBC), Paris (6 April, 2001)
  2. Rosario M. Isasi, Bartha M. Knoppers, Peter A. Singer, Abdallah S. Daar, "Legal and Ethical Approaches to Stem Cell and Cloning Research: A Comparative Analysis of Policies in Latin America, Asia, and Africa," The Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics (Vol. 32, No. 4, January 2004)
  3. American Society for Reproductive Medicine, "IFFS Surveillance 07," Fertility and Sterility (Vol. 87., No. 4, Suppl. 1, April 2007)